Yoga is one of the more commonly recommended forms of exercise for fibromyalgia (FMS). It can be a good, gentle way to stretch your body and loosen up tight muscles and joints. It also helps with balance and strength, and, as you become more advanced, it can provide you with a cardiovascular workout as well.
People with fibromyalgia often have chronic tension in the upper back, shoulders, and neck—places where 10 of the 18 tender points are located. All three areas are easily targeted with a few simple yoga poses.
People with chronic pain often default to short, shallow breathing, which can set off the body’s fight-or-flight response and trigger the release of stress hormones like cortisol. Breathing deeply counters stress by stimulating the vagus nerve. Running from the brain to the diaphragm, the vagus nerve activates the parasympathetic nervous system. That’s why breath-work is crucial for people with fibromyalgia